ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CONCENTRATES

With the ever-growing legal cannabis industry expanding across the globe, more and more types of weed concentrates are being introduced on what seems like a daily basis. And before long, the classic cannabis connoisseur becomes dazed and confused when trying to keep up on what's what and how each extract differs from the next. 

 

If you’re confused on the differences between Honey Oil and Distillate, or are surprised to learn that resin, rosin, and live resin are 3 completely different products, we don’t blame you! With the wide variety of different names, structures, and potencies, the cannabis concentrate community can become a bit intimidating if you’re new to the world of weed extracts.

 

To help make it simple, we’ve broken down some of the most unique properties each extract demonstrates and help explain what makes them stand out from the rest. From knowing the difference in appearances to flavors and textures, we will quickly make you a concentrate expert by the time you reach the bottom of this page.

Butane Honey Oil (BHO)  CO2 Extract Oil

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Butane hash/honey oil (BHO) is any cannabis extract that was produced through an extraction process using butane as the primary solvent and heat, and it encompasses several specific types of concentrates including budder, wax, crumble, shatter, and more. The specific type of concentrate produced from BHO depends on the flower strain used, as well as the apparatus and techniques applied to the production process, but most range from 60-90% in potency, with an average of 70% THC.

Most BHO fans like weed concentrates mainly because they tend to have much more THC than flower — and also because vaporizing concentrates produces cleaner, more robust flavours and aromas than burning flower.

Another selling point is that in some cases, BHO concentrates may be more affordable than other concentrates. That's because while BHO can certainly produce consistent products, it is not as clean, pure, tasty or as safe as newer, and arguably more advanced techniques. 

Carbon Dioxide Extract Oil differs from BHO in that the extraction process relies on a closed-loop system and the chemical is purged from the final product.

To create a CO2 concentrate, carbon dioxide is compressed beyond its critical point, turning into a supercritical liquid. This liquid washes over cannabis plant matter in an extraction system, stripping the plant of its resinous trichomes. The final step in the extraction process brings the supercritical liquid back to a level where the CO2 converts back to a gas. 

CO2 can be brought to supercritical levels at temperatures and pressures that don’t damage cannabinoids and terpenes, therefore preserving the flavour profile. It is also considered a safer solvent than BHO, and leaves less residue on the final product, making the purging process easier and less labor-intensive.

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BUDDER

Budder, also called cake batter and not to be confused with Cannabutter (cannabis infused butter), is a creamy form of concentrate that  is created by 'whipping up' your BHO or CO2 Extract Oil, similar to mixing cake batter. The result is a soft form of golden-yellow concentrate has a batter-like consistency similar to that of actual butter. 

 

The terpene profiles of budder is what makes it highly desirable and gives it it's strong odor. Budder also tends to have THC levels on the higher end, testing between 70%-90% THC.

This cake batter-like extract is sure to give you an unparalleled experience, and with the high potency, you can expect to pay anywhere between $60-90 a gram.

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Distillates, Isolates & Crystallines

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These three are some of the purest forms of cannabis extraction in the market. The goal for these concentrates is to isolate and target one specific cannabinoid (THC, CBD or THCA), which is made by completely isolating the tetrahydrocannabinol from all the other plant matter and compounds. This strips away all other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and inactive compounds from the extract, leaving only pure and decarboxylated THC/CBD or THCA isolate. 

Distillates, isolates, and crystallines can all look different. Distillates can come in the form of a light amber to crystal clear and thick oils that are usually hard until heated, where isolates can appear as a white powder, and crystalline come in small, delicate crystals. 

The main benefits of distillates, isolates and crystallines are precise dosing and a smoother experience without the presence of other cannabinoids. Most importantly, the final product for these 3 concentrates tests anywhere from 91% – 99% THC, in an odorless, and tasteless product that can easily be added to any recipe, smoked or enjoyed on its own sublingually.

With high potency comes high prices, though: you can buy these cannabis concentrates for anywhere between $60-$120 a gram.

 

CRUMBLE

Crumble, sometimes called Crumble Wax or Honeycomb Wax, is a cannabis extract identified by its malleable texture that falls apart, or “crumbles,” when handled and results from its unique production technique, which processes the flower extraction at lower temperatures for a much longer period of time than other concentrates.

 It typically has the consistency of dry crumbs, but can also have a honeycomb structure that easily falls apart into its more distinctive crumbly texture. Over time, it tends to change colour, going from light yellow to amber, and will also become more hard with time. 

Crumble is often sold around $40-60 per gram, and contain up to 90% THC for a good concentrated kick!

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Shatter is another highly popular cannabis concentrate that is named for its hard, glass-like consistency that tends to crack, or shatter, when broken apart. It is typically gold or amber in color and is transparent to some degree due to do with the molecules in the extracted cannabis oil where these molecules are all stacked nice and neat in straight rows, one on top of the other, allowing light to pass through and giving it its glass-like properties.

Shatter is also more stable due to its molecular structure, so it will last longer before degrading compared to wax and oils.

It is usually dabbed or vaped and typically ranges in 80-90% THC potency. 

SHATTER

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RESIN VS. ROSIN

RESIN

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ROSIN

Resin is one of the more popular types of concentrates these days mainly because it retains all of the trichomes, cannabinoids and terpenes after extraction, leaving a very potent and aromatic final product. Resin uses solvents like CO2 and Butane during it's extraction process.

It is named LIVE due to the process of cryogenically freezing the whole plant immediately after harvest to preserve the terpenes and cannabinoids as they are in the plant when it reaches its organic maturity.

  • Colour ranges from clear white to pale yellow

  • Potency ranges from 70-80% THC

  • Costs range from $30-50 a gram

  • Consistency ranges between a malleable wax and a sappy syrup

Rosin is a little newer to the concentrate game, and does not involve chemicals like solvents during the extraction process, making it one of the cleaner' concentrates. Instead, it just heat and pressure applied to the plant material. 

It can also be named LIVE when the plant has been cryogenically frozen immediately after harvest, but different than Live Resin, the frozen flower for Live Rosin has to be turned into bubble hash since you can't press 'live' plant material.

  • Colour ranges from a creamy brown/green tan to a vivid yellow

  • Potency ranges from 70-95% THC

  • Costs range from $40-100 a gram

  • Consistency ranges from sappy butter to buttery crumble

At Tasty Gods, we have a select few lab tested and top quality concentrates available here

 

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